When was the last time you had your driveway or parking lot inspected?
If you can’t remember the last time an asphalt contractor evaluated your property, you may be dealing with unnecessary cracks or potholes.
Asphalt resurfacing is one of the best ways to breathe new life into your asphalt surface at a fraction of the cost of installing new pavement.
What Is Asphalt Resurfacing?
Asphalt resurfacing is basically replacing just the very top layer of asphalt without disturbing the base layer or foundation.
Once the top layer of asphalt is removed and replaced, it gives your surface a fresh new look.
Resurfacing is a strategic technique to preserve the integrity of your pavement and extend its lifespan by up to 15 years.
Common Signs That Your Asphalt Needs Resurfacing
The following are common signs that your asphalt may need resurfacing:
- Pooling Water – This is usually the first sign of a problem and indicates poor drainage on your asphalt surface. Over time, the pools of water on the asphalt eat away at the surface and seep into the ground beneath it. When you get water underneath the asphalt it leads to cracking, potholes, and other surface problems. You may need to resurface to fix this.
- Potholes and Cracks – Since you ignored the pooling water, now you have potholes and cracks. If you continue to ignore these, water will seep into the asphalt foundation and completely destroy the pavement.
- Raveling – When the smooth pavement surface becomes rough and uneven because of loose stone and gravel, it’s time to resurface your asphalt. Over time, harsh conditions and everyday wear and tear can cause the asphalt mixture to loosen and separate.
- Aging – Most asphalt driveways and parking lots have an expected lifespan of 15-20 years. We recommend that you have your asphalt resurfaced every few years to keep it looking- and functioning- like new.
- Crumbling Edges – The edges of your asphalt are a good indicator of the overall health of the surface. If the edges are crumbling and beginning to erode, they should be addressed. Problems on the edge will eventually weaken and break the surface.
Asphalt Resurfacing Process
Asphalt resurfacing is not a DIY job.
It must be done by a professional paving contractor with the equipment and experience to do the job correctly.
This 4-step process usually takes about 1-2 days to complete, depending on the size of the job.
- Preparation – The first step is to clear the work area and remove any obstacles in the asphalt. This includes things like speed bumps, parking bumpers, ramps, etc. Users should also be alerted ahead of time. Alternative parking and access should be made available where feasible.
- Milling – Next comes to the removal of the top layer of your old asphalt to make space for the new asphalt. Once the sub-base layer has been exposed, the surface can’t be used until the resurfacing process is complete. This process usually takes about a day and the removed asphalt can be recycled.
- Pavement Repair – Now that the sublevel is exposed, it can be inspected for any weakness, cracks, or potholes beneath the surface. This is a great opportunity to give your new surface a strong foundation and a nice smooth finished product.
- Asphalt Resurfacing – Once the sub-base is ready, the new asphalt can be layered on top. Asphalt starts with a sticky tack coat, then fresh asphalt is laid with rolling and paving machines. Once the resurface is done, it’s important to keep cars off of the surface for 1-3 days, or until the surface is completely cured and dry.
How Much Does It Cost To Resurface Asphalt?
Resurfacing is a great way to give your asphalt a fresh start without the cost of a full installation.
- Driveway – Resurfacing an asphalt driveway costs $3.00 to $7.00 per square foot for a typical 600-square foot driveway.
- Roads/Walkway – A walkway that is about 30-inches wide costs $7.50 to $17.50 per linear foot to resurface. A road that is 30 feet wide starts at around $90 per linear foot.
- Parking Lot – Resurfacing a parking lot costs $900 to $2,100 per space.
- Backyard Asphalt – Any type of backyard asphalt for game courts or other outdoor projects is between $3.00 and $7.00 per square foot. If you upgrade to colored or stamped concrete, that cost increases to $5.00 to $10.00 per square foot.
Benefits of Asphalt Resurfacing
Resurfacing your parking lot or driveway gives a fresh new look to the surface.
This recommended maintenance has several hidden benefits that you may not be aware of.
- Saves Money – Timely resurfacing fixes small damages before they escalate into more expensive ones.
- Longevity – By milling the worn and weak surface of your pavement and replacing it with new asphalt, resurfacing extends the longevity of your pavement. Without resurfacing, your pavement may last only 15-20 years. With resurfacing it could last up to 30 years.
- Curb Appeal – Asphalt resurfacing gives your parking lot or driveway a fresh black color which enhances your curb appeal.
- Prevents Over-Sealing – Sealing is good preventive maintenance but doing it too frequently or for too long can cause cracking. Resurfacing every 10 years is better than simply seal coating over and over again.
- Improved Safety – Damages like potholes or cracks are hazards that could lead to accidents. Resurfacing removes this.
Alternatives to Asphalt Resurfacing
The following are ways to extend the life of your asphalt until resurfacing is the only option.
They are meant to be more like maintenance, not a permanent solution.
By doing these when needed, you can prevent having to resurface the asphalt too soon.
Sealcoating – This is a protective liquid coating on the asphalt surface. It is an important preventive maintenance and protects your asphalt surface against chemicals, oil, and UV rays but is not a replacement for resurfacing.
Patching – When you have damage that is not extensive but still poses a liability, patching is recommended. This is less expensive than resurfacing and great for repairing a small problem area.
FAQs About Resurfacing Asphalt