Asphalt is one of the most popular paving materials in the world.
It is made by combining aggregates, binders, and fillers to create an even driving (or walking) surface.
Asphalt is typically used in the construction of roads and other paved surfaces because it creates a smooth surface to keep drivers and pedestrians safe. But not all asphalt is created and used equally.
There are different types, applications, benefits, and costs to asphalt paving in Jurupa Valley, CA.
7 Types of Asphalt
Chances are you are walking, driving, and riding on asphalt all day long. There are seven main types of asphalt used in both residential and commercial applications in Jurupa Valley, CA.
1. Porous Asphalt – Porous asphalt has tiny holes in it that allow for proper stormwater management. Because of its natural drainage and infiltration, it is EPA’s best-practice paving.
In fact, you may enjoy business tax benefits if you use them for your next project. Porous asphalt can be used to pave parking lots, driveways, sidewalks, bike paths, playgrounds, and tennis courts. A porous asphalt surface will last up to 20 years when well maintained.
2. Cold Mix Asphalt – This type of asphalt is usually used for repairs and patches, not for full surface installation. It doesn’t require heating to install and is a great temporary solution. Yet it is not nearly as strong as hot mix asphalt. It cannot bear heavy loads and vehicles and is not designed for long-term use.
However, it can be used to fill a pothole in the winter or fill in small cracks to prevent them from getting worse.
3. Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) – This is the most commonly used asphalt paving material across the country. Hot mix asphalt is heated and poured at temperatures between 300 and 350 degrees Fahrenheit and is both versatile and durable for large-scale applications.
Its application ranges from pedestrian sidewalks, and multilane highways to railway beds.
4. Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) – This is the happy medium solution right in between cold mix and hot mix asphalt. It is heated and poured at temperatures between 200 and 250 degrees Fahrenheit making it less energy-intensive and cheaper to manufacture.
Like hot mix asphalt, WMA is also versatile, safe, and durable. It is stronger than cold mix asphalt but requires more binding materials to help with pouring and spreading at a lower temperature.
5. Perpetual Asphalt – This is a three-layer paving process using different types of asphalt to produce superior strength and structural design.
The theory behind perpetual asphalt is to limit cracking to the top layer only and create a base that is highly durable and resistant to cracking.
The mid-layer provides structure and stability.
This method has been proven to last up to 50 years with little maintenance costs.
6. Quiet Mix – This is asphalt specifically designed to reduce the noise level by 7 decibels.
Quiet mix asphalt is a great option for high-traffic urban areas where noise levels are a concern. It can be expensive when compared to other asphalt options.
7. Milled Asphalt – If you are looking for something durable and economical, this might be your best option. Milled asphalt is sometimes referred to as recycled asphalt because it is made from old asphalt that is crushed to gravel size and then mixed together to be repaved.
Milled asphalt is commonly used for small applications like driveways and private roads with low traffic or as a foundation for subsequent paving.
Benefits of Using Asphalt
Asphalt is used on 94% of the 2.6 million paved roads in America, and it’s easy to see why.
This versatile, recycled, and reused material totes several additional benefits.